Evidence Exchange of LGBT Statistics

Welcome to LGBT Foundation’s Evidence Exchange, an evidence base of statistics about lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) needs and experiences.

Topics range from healthcare to homophobia and schools to safer sex. The evidence base is continuously updated to include new research, and all records include as much information about the statistic as possible.

Watch the video or click on the links below to find out how to use the Evidence Exchange and how it can help you.

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The majority (64.7%) of [trans] respondents have awareness of the services that police, the Crown Prosecution Service and Witness Care services could provide.

Topics:
Discrimination: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime
Crime: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime

Year: 2016

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The majority (65.9%) of [trans] respondents answered that they would consider the use of a third-party reporting mechanism to report hate crime, which indicates a knowledge of third-party reporting and a level of confidence in their use/worth.

Topics:
Discrimination: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime
Crime: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime

Year: 2016

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Only 25.7% replied that they would be concerned about family becoming aware of their trans status [as a result of reporting a hate crime to police], this could be because the majority of respondents are open with their family about their identity. This could also reflect that most of the respondents were transsexual rather than transvestite, who tend to be more secretive about their trans identity.

Topics:
Discrimination: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime
Crime: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime

Year: 2016

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Just under half (47.56%) of the [trans] respondents felt that they were treated with respect on the initial contact [with police]. In 2013 when the same question was posed 74.2% of respondents replied that they were treated with respect, which represents a significant drop.

Topics:
Discrimination: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime
Crime: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime

Year: 2016

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The majority (77.1%) of respondents stated that confidentiality with regard to their trans status was important [when dealing with police].

Topics:
Discrimination: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime
Crime: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime

Year: 2016

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Only a small number of respondents (15.38%) felt that the officer [who handled their hate crime report] had an understanding or knowledge of trans issues.

Topics:
Discrimination: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime
Crime: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime

Year: 2016

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The majority of [trans] respondents (74.2%) felt like they were treated respectfully by the police. This is a similar figure to the general perception of victims of crime.

Topics:
Discrimination: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime
Crime: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime

Year: 2016

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Of the respondents who had contacted the police about a hate crime or incident, there was a similar split between yes (23.08%) and no (21.79%) as to whether the hate motivation had been acknowledged. This prompts the question of whether police officers recognise a trans hate crime/incident adequately, and when it is identified is this explained to the victim.

Topics:
Discrimination: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime
Crime: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime

Year: 2016

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71.4% of the [trans] respondents were either satisfied or very satisfied with the initial contact with police, this is a very similar figure to the victim satisfaction figures with regard to all hate crime victims. However, it is lower than satisfaction rates for theft offences which are around 80%. On the reverse, 28.6% respondents were either dissatisfied or very dissatisfied.

Topics:
Discrimination: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime
Crime: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime

Year: 2016

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The majority of the respondents (nearly 70%) who had been a victim, never reported the incident to the police. This backs up the perception that trans hate crime is vastly underreported.

Topics:
Discrimination: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime
Crime: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime

Year: 2016

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The results show that the majority of [trans] respondents did not know the offender, but nearly 30% did know who the perpetrator of the hate crime was.

Topics:
Discrimination: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime
Crime: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime

Year: 2016

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Overwhelmingly (91.2%) the respondents answered that they felt they were targeted due to their trans status or appearance.

Topics:
Discrimination: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime
Crime: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime

Year: 2016

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The results show around a 26% increase in [trans] respondents suffering from hate from 2013.

Topics:
Discrimination: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime
Crime: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime

Year: 2016

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The respondents overwhelmingly answered that they had been subject to verbal abuse (70.4%) when suffering from hate crime. This evidences the previous anecdotal accounts, and shows the link of hate crime to incidents of anti-social behaviour or the so-called “low level” abuse suffered by victims of trans hate crime.

Topics:
Discrimination: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime
Crime: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime

Year: 2016

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"...all hate crime is vastly under reported with the last crime survey for England & Wales estimating that there are 222,000 hate crimes committed every year. With only 52,528 hate crimes recorded by the police in the last hate crime return for 2014/2015 this demonstrates a vast disparity in figures".

Topics:
Discrimination: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime

Year: 2016

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According to current statistics, hate crime comprises 1% of all reported crime. One percent of reported hate crime is against trans people.

Topics:
Discrimination: Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime, Hate Crime

Year: 2016

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20% of respondents had self-medicated, while 15% of respondents chose not to say whether they had self-medicated or not. Of those respondents who had self-medicated, 72.7% reported a positive experience of self-medicating, while 27.3% of respondents reported a mixed experience. Not one respondent who disclosed that they had self-medicated reported a negative experience.

Topics:
Physical Health: Healthcare, Healthcare, Healthcare, Healthcare, Healthcare, Healthcare

Year: 2016

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71.8% of respondents presented as binary in order to access treatment from private clinics, compared with 46.4% presenting as binary within NHS gender identity clinics. Of those who were out as non-binary within the NHS, 15.6% people reported mainly positive experiences, 25% mixed, and 59.4% mainly negative. Of those who were out as non-binary within private services, 60% reported mainly positively experiences, with 20% having mixed experiences, and 20% mainly negative.

Topics:
Physical Health: Healthcare, Healthcare, Healthcare, Healthcare, Healthcare

Year: 2016

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Less than 1% of our sample used exclusively private services, whilst the majority, approximately 40% of our sample, exclusively used NHS services.

Topics:
Physical Health: Healthcare, Healthcare, Healthcare, Healthcare, Healthcare

Year: 2016

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Many of our respondents, approximately 17%, had engaged with a combination of both NHS and private healthcare services in the course of their transition.

Topics:
Physical Health: Healthcare, Healthcare, Healthcare, Healthcare, Healthcare

Year: 2016

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Less than 2% of participants listed fear of regret as a significant concern, which concurs with the Trans Mental Health Study’s findings that very few trans people regret the physical changes undergone as part of transition.

Topics:
Physical Health: Trans, Trans, Trans, Trans, Trans, Trans, Trans, Trans, Trans, Trans, Trans, Trans, Trans, Trans, Trans, Trans, Trans, Trans, Trans, Trans, Trans, Trans, Trans, Trans, Trans

Year: 2016

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Participants fear of being denied treatment due to their non-binary identity is perhaps the most striking theme within the dataset, with all of the participants from the follow-up interviews discussing this fear in depth. This concern led to a significant number of participants presenting as binary in order to receive treatment. This concern was higher for people who were undergoing private treatment, with 71.8% of respondents presenting as binary in order to access treatment, compared with 46.4% presenting as binary within NHS gender identity clinics.

Topics:
Discrimination: Healthcare, Healthcare, Healthcare, Healthcare, Healthcare

Year: 2016

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35% [of non-binary respondents] listed fear of treatment being denied as their primary concern regarding transition related treatment.

Topics:
Physical Health: Healthcare, Healthcare, Healthcare, Healthcare, Healthcare

Year: 2016

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53.7% of non-binary respondents have tried to access or are currently trying to access transition related healthcare from a healthcare provider, with 46.7% having never tried to access transition related healthcare yet.

Topics:
Physical Health: Healthcare, Healthcare, Healthcare, Healthcare, Healthcare, Healthcare

Year: 2016

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51% of trans students consider dropping out of further and higher education, the two main reasons cited for this are discrimination on campus, and health problems.

Topics:
Discrimination: Education, Education, Education, Education, Education

Year: 2016

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26% of trans people are unemployed and a further 60% earn less than £10,000 a year.

Topics:
Population Characteristics: Employment, Employment, Employment, Employment, Employment

Year: 2016

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35% of trans people attempt suicide at least once, with 25% of trans people attempting again. We know that suicide attempts are more likely before transition (63%), and during transition (7%), than after transition (3%). To compare, various self-report studies place the proportion of the general population who have made a suicide attempt between 1- 4%.

Topics:
Mental Health: Suicide & Self Harm, Suicide & Self Harm, Suicide & Self Harm, Suicide & Self Harm, Suicide & Self Harm

Year: 2016

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84% of participants said homophobic jokes and humour occur ‘all the time,’ ‘often’ or ‘sometimes’

Topics:
Discrimination: Other, Other, Other, Other, Other

Year: 2016

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21% of participants believed the most likely sporting environment for homophobia to occur is school PE classes.

Topics:
Discrimination: Other, Other, Other, Other, Other

Year: 2016

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41% of participants believed the most likely sporting environment for homophobia to occur is spectator stands

Topics:
Discrimination: Other, Other, Other, Other, Other

Year: 2016

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